Jackson County, Indiana, History & Picture Archive

Reading: 1886: History of Jackson County, Indiana. Brant and Fuller.

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HISTORY OF JACKSON COUNTY. 313
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CHAPTER II.

INDIANS - THE FRENCH AND THE CATHOLICS - ABORIGINAL INHABITANTS
OF INDIANA - OCCUPANTS OF JACKSON COUNTY - EARLY REMINIS-
CENCES - INDIAN MURDERS - BATTLE OF TIPTON'S ISLAND - PREHIS-
TORIC PEOPLE - CLASSIFICATION OF MOUNDS - SUCCEEDING RACES.

In the early struggles for supremacy on the Western continent
between the nations of the Old World, nearly all of the Mis-
sissippi Valley gradually came under the dominion of France.
This was acquired through the influence of the large number of
ardent and zealous missionaries, which that country sent out in
the latter part of the seventeenth and fore part of the eighteenth
centuries. A number of trading posts were established through-
out the whole of this vast tract of country, from along the shores
of the lakes and banks of the important streams to the mouth of
the Mississippi River, and from these places the peltry of the
Indians was received in exchange for whatever gaudy and trifling
ornaments would attract the savages' fancy. This, in connection
with the religious influence of devout Catholics, won the heart and
confidence of the red man toward the French. Almost without
opposition France had thus secured control of all the lands from
the Alleghany Mountains to the Mississippi River. Near the
middle of the eighteenth century England began to arouse her-
self to the situation. Her supremacy along the Atlantic was not
questioned, and she had rested in contentment, satisfied with
claiming the Pacific Ocean as the western boundary of her colo-
nies. When her traders began to push beyond the mountains
they found themselves forestalled by the French, and thus the
conflict began, which only ended with the French and Indian war
in 1763. In February, of that year, a treaty of peace was signed


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